|Equation||(# children) x (Q1: Improvement in externalizing behavior due to the intervention) x (Q2: Impact of externalizing behavior on high school graduation) x ($ difference in lifetime earnings for high school graduates vs. no high school completion)|
|Explanation||This metric estimates the impact of home visiting programs on improved externalized behavior leading to increases in academic achievement on increased lifetime earnings It should only be used for programs with a specific or primary goal of improving the behavior or mental health of children. This metric is based on a meta-analysis of the impact of a wide array of home visiting programs including the following: Healthy Families America (HFA), Family Check Up for Children, Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP), Parents as Teachers (PAT), Triple P – Positive Parenting Program®—Variants suitable for home visiting, Family Spirit, Child First, Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY), Early Head Start–Home-Based Option (EHS-HBO), Play and Learning Strategies (PALS). These programs serve children from birth through age 17, and mothers or expectant mothers. If the organization works with a specific home-visiting model, the particular effect sizes of that program model will be used.|
Number of children: Reported by program.
Q1: Improvement in externalizing behavior due to the intervention: [-0.022 preschool children; -0.038 school-age children]. This is estimated by Constellation staff using the following formula:
Q2: Impact of externalizing behavior on high school graduation: [-0.079]. This is estimated by Constellation staff using the following formula:
Difference in lifetime earnings between high school graduates vs. no high school completion: [$198,700]. This is computed using ACS data (U.S. Census Bureau, 2016). These benefits are already discounted to present value.
|References||Baker, A. J. L., & Piotrkowski, C. S. (1996). Parents and children through the school years: The effects of the home instruction program for preschool youngsters. New York: National Council of Jewish Women, Center for the Child.|
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