|Equation||(# participants) x (% participants get assistance solely because of the program) x (Q: Impact of the program on employment outcomes) x ($ average annual earnings of employed low-income individuals) x (# working years)|
|Explanation||This metric estimates the impact of assistance and support related to domestic violence on employment outcomes.
Number of participants: Reported by program.
Percentage of participants getting assistance solely because of the program: [79%, female]. This is based on reporting that 21% of female victims and 6% of male victims disclosed their victimization to a doctor or nurse at some point in their lifetime (Black et al, 2010).
Q: Impact of the program on employment outcomes: [0.26]. The program’s impact on participant employment outcomes is estimated using the following formula:
In this formula, ES [0.348] is the impact of the program on employment (WSIPP, 2017). The base percentage [0.463] is the proportion of low-income individuals employed in Minnesota (Minnesota Compass, 2018). Note that the proportion of adults working will be lower than the employment rate, which is calculated by dividing the number of employed people by the total number of people in the labor force. The labor force is made up of employed and unemployed people who are currently looking for work. The employment rate does not account for discouraged workers who are no longer seeking employment, nor for people who do not participate in the labor force for any number of reasons.
Average annual earnings of employed low-income individuals: [$13,500]. This is estimated using ACS data for the Twin Cities metropolitan area (U.S. Census Bureau, 2016). In this metric, we use earnings of employed low-income individuals instead of all low-income individuals since the effect size refers to the impact on employment.
Number of working years: Estimated from average participation age through age 65.
Benefits are then discounted to present value based on the average age of participation to through age 65 (estimated working years).
|References||Black, M.C., Basile, K.C., Breiding, M.J., Smith, S.G., Walters, M.L., Merrick, M.T., Chen, J., & Stevens, M.R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/NISVS-2010SummaryReport-508.pdf
U.S. Census Bureau. (2016). American Community Survey 5-year estimates – public use microdata sample, 2012-2016. Generated using Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA) in the Seven-county Twin Cities Metropolitan Area.
Washington State Institute for Public Policy. (2017). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for adult posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Retrieved from: http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/BenefitCost/Program/241